Analysis of Schooling in the USA


Here you will figure out how the system of secondary education and schooling in the USA works.

A School in the USA

In this article, you will get to know how the system of secondary schools in the USA works. Take a look at if you need general information about the creation or functioning of a school. However, to write an essay about schools in the USA you will benefit from the following information provided.

Two Approaches to Creation of Schools

There are two different thoughts about founding the first public school in the America.

  • One people say that the first free school was created by the Dutch in New York.
  • Other people think that the earliest one was founded in Massachusetts in 1635.

Each school in America is governed by the state, which is independent in all matters.

The Process of Learning and Teaching

Commonly in the USA pupils study in school six or seven months a year. However, in some schools, there is a scheme of forty-eight weeks, which are divided into twelve quarters. It gives a possibility for a child to pass exams earlier when he/she needs to. Also, there is a big problem of professional shortage. The young generation does not extremely want to become professors and teachers. The majority of them want to be innovators and developers, but not tutors. By the way, the teacher’s profession is not very attractive because of financial aspects. The only big benefit is a long vacation offered and paid, but this is not always enough to motivate more people becoming professionals in the field. That is why American government tries to modernize all the process.

Specifics of an Elementary School

When talking about the structure of an elementary school we should tell that the common school in the United States enrols pupils from the first grade through the eighth. Then, the pupils go to the higher school to learn four more years. Of course, there are people who want to reduce the amount of studying grades to six ones, but the majority still normally attends eight grades’ school. In the elementary school, all pupils have a single curriculum. Its main idea is to give children the basic understanding of the world in general sciences. Besides, there are schools with science specialization. For example, in one school may be one class of linguistic direction and the other one of mathematic specialty.

The High School

The junior high school education lasts for a period of 7 to 9 grades and gives pupils a possibility for variety of specializations. Here children can take subjects that they will need in future. For example, they can make a choice of different crafts, art, music, electricity, drama or foreign languages. The senior high school starts in the tenth grade and finishes in the twelfth. In this period of time, children may choose subjects, which they need to prepare for the entry tests to their further  Colleges and Universities. After leaving the senior school pupils need to get a diploma to apply for studying in universities. The junior college is about two additional years of studying for the one who wants to get some skills or master some craft. All of us imagine schools in the USA like a place where children can wear whatever they like, eat sandwiches and attend different classes. However, despite the common misperception of such reality, American schools have a number of advantages and disadvantages, as anything in this world.

An Analysis of the Reality and the Need

Unfortunately, the curriculum is created for the teachers. The knowledge to the young minds comes from the adults’ understanding of the world. And that is a problem. Even if children have breaks and do not wear school uniform, they still need to learn something they do not want. It is a common situation when a person with a linguistic mentality has problems with a subjects related to Math.

Generally, in the system of secondary education of the USA there are some pluses, some minuses, and some points that needs to be re-evaluated and updated. However, like in the majority of other systems, everything depends on the pupil’s knowledge and the amount of efforts spent to succeed.